Many members of curatorial staff hold honorary or adjunct positions in universities, participate in doctoral programmes or training and are involved in university teaching and examining.
The Museum takes part in research training through the national AHRC funded Collaborative Doctoral Program (CDP) and the NERC funded Doctoral Training Programme (DTP). NMS hosts a number of students.
The Museum works with a number of universities in Scotland, the UK and beyond. It has a Memorandum of Understanding with the University of Edinburgh, and enjoys Independent Research Organisation status (AHRC, NERC) through which it secures grants.